Many other parts of the yucca were concocted into laxative potions. Garland, New York. Colton, Harold S. Read on for more Spanish bayonet information. The sweet juice drained from the fruits while being pounded and shaped into cakes was usually consumed or poured over the cakes. The fruit is … The outer halves of the leaves on Spanish dagger also bend toward the ground, whereas those on Spanish bayonet do not. Stems or trunks of the thin-leaf yuccas were harvested and eaten by several native groups. Also known as Spanish Dagger, this ornamental evergreen shrub is native to the warm, coastal regions of the southeastern US. By the time the flower buds are visible, the sugar has been expended and the stalk is about as palatable as manila rope. However the upper portion of the trunk encased in leaves it still somewhat edible, if a bit soapy. However, I make no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding errors or omissions and assume no legal liability or responsibility for any injuries resulting from the use of information contained within. Most groups within its range harvested the fruits, then roasted or baked them. Other common names Spanish dagger Adam's needle Lord's candlestick mound lily palm lily Roman candle tree lily see more When baked and dried, the fruit of both species will keep for several months. I can see why they would call it a Spanish Dagger or Spanish Bayonet. These plants can grow up to 8-10' tall and spread wide or kept narrow depending on the number of trunks they develop. The crowns of this species were gathered any time from the middle of March to the end of summer, the portion of the stem from the ground to the leaves being peeled and baked overnight in an underground oven. Spanish Dagger features bold spikes of creamy white bell-shaped flowers rising above the foliage from mid to late summer. Leaf margins on Spanish dagger (Yucca gloriosa) are smooth, whereas those on Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) are rough. 1999 Earth-oven Plant Processing in Archaic Period Economies: An Example from a Semi-Arid Savannah in South-Central North America. 1980 Perishable Industries from Hinds Cave, Val Verde County, Texas. Yucca is an excellent source of soap or detergent. The Apache preferred the flowers of Yucca elata, a thin-leaf yucca, to those of the thick-leaf banana yucca (Bell and Castetter 1941:19). The seed is contained in large, plump, indehiscent, baccate fruits which frequently remain on the tree until early … . The most common types of Yucca plants are Yucca filamentosa, Yucca brevifolia (Joshua tree), Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) and Yucca gloriosa (Spanish dagger). . These perennial plants come in many forms, but most have long, thick, pointed leaves and tall stalks with white flowers. Blooms are white clusters on long … VII. The thick-leaf yuccas have edible fruits, but the fruits of thin-leaf yuccas dry into a woody case that splits open, discharging the seeds. After baking, most groups continued the process by stripping the seeds and pounding the remaining flesh of the baked fruit into a pulp. 17-389. Other uses of the herb: They are delicious raw, or can be dried, crushed and used as a flavouring. It has attractive bluish-green foliage. Spanish Dagger (Yucca gloriosa) Yucca gloriosa is a hardy ornamental plant which adds focal point to any garden Yucca gloriosa shares a common name among other yuccas—the Spanish dagger, and grows on sandy soil in warmer climates. Medicine. 1991 Prehistoric Economics at Baker Cave: A Plan for Research. 1978 Ethnobotany and Cultural Ecology of Prehistoric Man in Southwest Texas. The fruit is very rarely produced in the wild. It grows as a shrub or small tree and can grow up to 16 feet tall but is relatively slow-growing. These companies may use information (not including your name, address, email address, or telephone number) about your visits to this and other websites in order to provide advertisements about goods and services of interest to you. 2) Planting month for zone 7: year round. In Papers on Lower Pecos Prehistory, edited by Solveig Turpin, pp. Blooms clusters of greenish-white flowers in summer over long pointy leaves. They also wore yucca ribbons around their ankles and wrists (Stevenson 1915:99; 1904:130). The leaves are in a basal rosette on younger plants and are sword-shaped with sharp tips. For example, deer and livestock relish the flowers and fruit of Spanish dagger yucca. The roots in some species are thickened, providing soap. Unfortunately, we have no direct ethnographic observations of its use. They shaped the pulp into flatcakes, and sun-dried them. Spanish bayonet looks very similar to another yucca, Spanish dagger (Yucca gloriosa). University of New Mexico bulletin, Biological Series 5(5). In present time, Spanish bayonet is mostly grown as a dramatic landscape plant. They also used the leaves to attach material to house frames (Castetter and Underhill 1935:54). Cambridge, Massachusetts. Recognizing the effectiveness of saponins as a hemolytic compound, the Ramah Navajo used the sap from leaves as arrow-tip poison (Vestal 1952). Palmer, Edward In addition to historical/ethnographic accounts, we have some experimental information on yucca fruit. University of Oklahoma Press. The inner leaves, those just emerging within the central portion of the rosette, are edible after boiling with other foods or alone. When the central stems or rhizomes of some yuccas are pounded and soaked in water, the resultant mix will foam due to the saponins they contain. . Castetter Edward F., and Morris Opler A large plate of this tasty treat will keep you running like the Eveready bunny. Used like asparagus. These plants can be used in all landscape styles from low water desert scapes to tropical oasis. Yucca schidigera, also known as the Mojave yucca or Spanish dagger, is a flowering plant that is native to the Mojave Desert, Chihuahuan Desert and Sonoran Desert of southeastern California, Baja California, New Mexico, southern Nevada and Arizona.. 1939 The Economic Botany of the Kiowa Indians. Neither Yucca constricta nor Yucca treculeana grow in the regions where rich historical accounts were written or ethnobotanies were conducted, so they are not mentioned in any ethnographic record. The fruit is up to 10cm long and 26mm wide. They used the flower stalks to whip certain individuals, including patients asking to be relieved of bad dreams, or other participants who were drifting off to sleep during the ceremony. A large tree yucca with one or multiple trunks. Dimensions: Height: 10 ft. 0 in. Yucca gloriosa - Spanish Dagger. This is clearly the case, as yucca flowers can either grace a salad or ruin it, depending on how soon the harvester got to the plant after it began to bloom, and which plant one picks. 1896 A Contribution to Ethnobotany. Spanish Bayonet, Dagger Plant, Aloe Yucca, Spanish Dagger: Scientific Name: Yucca aloifolia: Family: Agavaceae: Height & Spread: 10-15′ tall and 3-5′ wide: Light: Full sun: Soil: Well-draining cactus soil or potting soil with pumice: Water: Once per week, more often in hotter temperatures: Pests & Diseases: Scale, spider mites, and yucca moth larvae, leaf spot Common name (s): Spanish dagger, mound lily yucca. Dead leaves form a dense thatch that covers the trunk. The University of New Mexico Bulletin, Biological Series 4(3). A thick, succulent mass of bitter-sweet juicy flesh. Willis Bell and Edward Castetter (1941:18) noted that the Apache in New Mexico, who ranged from the upper Rio Grande eastward to the area around Uvalde, had many uses for yucca. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnography 29(3):177-252. Yucca constricta Buckl.Liliaceae (Lily Family). Spanish Dagger, Yucca Archeological Occurrences. Francis, S.D. The figure at right shows edible flower stalks that have been picked long before the flowers begin to emerge. Individual plants may live for … Vestal, Paul A. and Richard E. Schultes How: New flowers raw or cooked, flower stalks raw or cooked, fruit baked or roasted, stems raw or cooked. 1972 Temalpakh: Cahuilla Indian Knowledge and Usage of Plants. Stiff, dark green leaves 212 feet long, 1 inches wide, with long, loose fibers at edges. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. 1974 Hopi History and Ethnobotany. However, the similar and widespread banana yucca or datil, Yucca baccata, is well-documented, having a distribution that stretches from western Texas throughout northern reaches of the Chihuahuan and Sonoran Deserts. Vol. Bell, Willis H. and Edward F. Castetter The thick-leaf yucca of the region is Yucca treculeana (formerly referred to as Yucca torreyi), commonly known as Spanish dagger. Sarasota - Spanish Bayonet Plant photograph by Roger W. . Abundance: common. My experience is that the flower stalks have to be removed within a few days after they emerge and long before they bloom, or they become far too fibrous and tasteless to eat, even after baking them. Some "personators" of anthropic gods also wore a yucca leaf wrapped around their heads, and the observer took pains to emphasize that the yucca band was not visible to the spectator. In Hopi Indians edited by D. A. Horr: p. 370. Stevenson, Matilda Coxe The Papago used the leaves or the fiber from the leaves to weave mats or to tie basket coils. The authors are describing baking the "trunk" of this tall yucca, and I have tried this with a smaller species only to find that the trunk portion is too dry and fibrous for eating. The fruit is up to 10 cm long and 4cm wide. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information on this Web site. Slow growing evergreen shrub or tree to 8-10 feet tall and 3-6 feet wide. The most common types of Yucca plants are Yucca filamentosa, Yucca brevifolia (Joshua tree), Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) and Yucca gloriosa (Spanish dagger). Flowering stem - cooked and used like asparagus. To render yucca stems edible, saponins must be broken down by baking the stem in an earth oven. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. Rogers, Dilwyn J. Other Uses. Flowers - raw or cooked. Castetter and Opler (1936:38-39) describe the preparation of soaptree (Yucca elata), a thin-leaf, tree-like yucca that grows throughout the Southwest. REGENERATION PROCESSES : Seed: Seed is flat, dull black and weighs approximately 0.005 ounce (139 mg). Small globose flowers are white or cream-colored and often tinged with purple. The fruit is up to 10 cm long and 4cm wide. Has rhizomes. Fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. Root - cooked. Food. The fruit of Spanish dagger is thick and measures about four inches long. Competition with animals was so fierce that several Native American groups harvested the fruits before they ripened. Brown, Kenneth M. Where: Sunny areas. Adding a bright note to the garden year-round, award-winner Yucca gloriosa 'Variegata' (Spanish Dagger) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub featuring a basal rosette of attractive, rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped blue green leaves, striped and edged creamy-yellow. Often multi-trunked, gives a desert effect in the landscape. The sword-like leaves are highly ornamental and remain bluish-green throughout the winter. Eat the Weeds- Green Deane's guide to edible plants. Some of the 30-plus yucca species in Texas are beneficial to livestock and wildlife. The Kiowa treated a number of skin problems with yucca sap (Vestal and Schultes 1939). Utility friendly tree. Quantity: Leave this field blank: Yucca gloriosa 'Lone Star' Blooms clusters of greenish-white flowers in summer over long pointy leaves. Width: 3 ft. 0 in. The Yavapai ripened the fruits by burying them under a mound of earth or soaking them in water (Gifford 1932).The Mescalero and Chiricahua Apache collected the fruits before they were fully ripe, placed them on bluestem grass, and covered them with grass in full sunlight so that the warmth would continue the ripening process. Also called false yucca, red yucca (Hesperaloe parviflora) is not a true yucca. We know that the flowers were eaten thousands of years ago because unusually large amounts of yucca pollen have been found in some dried human feces collected from Hinds Cave (Williams-Dean 1978). People in the Rosebud Area, South Dakota.Rosebud Educational Society.St. Leaf margins on Spanish dagger are smooth, whereas those on Spanish … Yucca flowers and flower stalks are edible. Yucca treculeana Carr. Emerging flower stalks were collected "just as they came into bloom", roasted on coals (Castetter and Opler 1936:38). Williams-Dean, Glenna Spanish Dagger features bold spikes of creamy white bell-shaped flowers rising above the foliage from mid to late summer. Plants For A Future - what plants are edible/medicinal/toxic. A crisp texture. The University of Texas at Austin. The Southeastern Yavapai. 1871 Food Plants of the North American Indians. Yucca gloriosa 'Variegata' (Spanish Dagger) Adding a bright note to the garden year-round, award-winner Yucca gloriosa 'Variegata' (Spanish Dagger) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub featuring a basal rosette of attractive, rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped … Small exotic looking tree for frost-free areas. 87-140. US Bureau of American Ethnology, 26th Annual Report. Description Spanish Dagger is a native evergreen yucca in the SE USA on the coasts of NC south to Florida. National Science Foundation Final Report (GS-667). 1932 Pollinators like butterflies, hummingbirds and moths are attracted to the flowers and wildlife are attracted to the fruit. Morongo Indian Reservation, Banning, California. Neutral: On Dec 1, 2010, GermanStar from Fountain Hills, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote: I planted a 15-gal Y. aloifolia in mid-September, and the leaves have been turning dark/black on me. The stems, leaf bases, flowers, emerging flower stalks, and fruits of many Southwestern yuccas were edible when harvested and processed properly. Ethnology Monographs Number 5. Despite its bland taste, the Spanish dagger fruit is quite edible and would have provided an excellent source of carbohydrates. Flower stalks of various desert plants, picked long before blooms emerge. Washington, D.C. Williams-Dean, Glenna They roasted the fruit on hot coals, removed the blackened skin, and split it to remove the strips of seeds inside. How to Grow a Red Yucca From Its Own Seed Pods. Adding a bright note to the garden year-round, award-winner Yucca gloriosa 'Variegata' (Spanish Dagger) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub featuring a basal rosette of attractive, rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped blue green leaves, striped and edged creamy-yellow. The plump, fleshy fruit is tapered and cylindrical and contains numerous thick, dull black, wingless, ovoid seeds. Vol. Product Description Spanish Dagger is a full sun, drought tolerant plant the grows in many areas of the Southwest. Norman. Neal Stilley has conducted several experiments cooking both banana yucca and Spanish dagger (Yucca treculeana). Planting month for … In Twenty-third Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology [1901-1902], pp. Yucca gloriosa is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to the southeastern United States. Buskirk, Winfred Quantity: Leave this field blank: Yucca gloriosa 'Lone Star' Omnium veritus vix no, mazim eruditi oporteat an sit. 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